Currently, he co-edits the Ontario Symposium on Personality and Social Psychology since and the Advances in Experimental Social Psychology since , the two major edited book series in social psychology. He has also been elected to the presidencies of the two major learned societies in social psychology, the Society of Experimental Social Psychology and the Society of Personality and Social Psychology Six students chaired their respective departments plus one was the President Murray and John G.
Cuddy, Susan T.
ADVANCES IN EXPERIMENTAL SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY - VOL.44
Carlsmith and John M. Du kanske gillar. Inbunden Engelska, Spara som favorit. Hanson In the eyes of the public—and in a substantial amount of scholarly research—anger is often framed in a negative light, given its role in driving people to act in antisocial ways. However, anger also has the potential for social good, insofar as it focuses attention on, and motivates people to fix, perceived injustices. As we discuss, the foundational link between anger and a desire to rectify injustice has profoundly important implications that are relevant to research and theory in a variety of different disciplines e.
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We begin this chapter by considering the methodological and theoretical challenges involved in the measurement of this feeling state, along with its relevance to our line of research on revenge, as well as the ideological consequences of threat. In the course of this discussion, we introduce a neo-Gibsonian framework of threat which allows for the fact that different types of threats, via anger, can exert different types of ideological consequences.
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These and other findings provide a more comprehensive understanding of this emotion, its relation to perceived and actual injustice, and its role in shaping relevant political beliefs. Maio In this chapter, we describe and integrate advances in the study of inter-individual differences in attitude content. Research within this area has addressed how people differ in the extent to which their attitudes are primarily guided by the favorability of their cognitive and affective responses. We begin by describing work that prompted researchers to address this topic and how these individual differences have been measured.
We then highlight the implications of individual differences in cognitive and affective content in relation to attitude formation, attitude change, attitude strength, and how individuals perceive and evaluate people, groups, and other attitude objects.
Taken together, these lines of research lend support to the argument that people differ in their use of cognitive and affective information as bases for attitudes. We conclude the chapter by addressing new questions that we believe will stimulate further interest in the topic.
Cultural scripts dictate normative expectations around how to fulfill the roles of mother, father, and worker. The content of the scripts generates greater identity conflict for women than men as they strive to succeed in both roles. This conflict is driven in part by a tighter connection between the role mom and the category women than between dad and the category men, and in part by greater overlap in the roles of dad and professional than mom and professional.
Moreover, mothers as a category are viewed as higher in essentialism than fathers. Women also intend to make greater accommodations to work hours due to children. Changing the content of these social roles through strengthening the tie between dads and men, promoting less gendered division of caretaking responsibilities, and changing normative scripts for young professionals are discussed as pathways for promoting greater gender equality in both work and family outcomes.
White This chapter presents a model of the cognitive, motivational, and behavioral implications of the concepts of action and inaction. The action or inaction nature of a behavior is a judgment, a subjective and variable construal, made by the actor or an observer based on concepts of action and inaction.
Advances in experimental social psychology
In other literatures, action and inaction concepts entail affirming or negating of any behavior, but we posit that they are best defined in terms of level of effort and intentionality. People define action as more intentional and effortful than inaction and consequently establish default evaluations of action as more positive than inaction.
In this chapter, we discuss how action and inaction are set as goals, how these goals differ from active and inactive means, and how these goals are implemented and considered complete. The chapter integrates disparate work on general action biases, action and inaction goals, and process models of goals. Wilson, Erin C. Westgate, Nicholas R. Buttrick, Daniel T. We present a model that describes why it is difficult to enjoy one's thoughts, how it can be done successfully, and when there is value in doing so.
We review 36 studies we have conducted on this topic with just over 10, participants. We found that thinking for pleasure does not come easily to most people, but can be enjoyable and beneficial under the right conditions. By Reuben M. Table of Contents. All rights reserved.
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